styker

William Scudder Stryker was born in Trenton in June, 1838 and graduated from Princeton in 1858. In April 1861 he enlisted as a private in "A Company, New Jersey National Guard Infantry," a militia organization called up by Governor Charles Olden to protect the state arsenal, and was mustered out after three months. In the summer of 1862, Stryker was appointed a major by Governor Joel Parker and assigned as disbursing and quartermaster officer at Freehold's Camp Vredenburg, where he helped organize the 14th New Jersey Infantry. In February 1863 Stryker was commissioned a major and paymaster of U. S. Volunteers, assigned to Hilton Head, South Carolina, and as a member of General Quincy Gillmore's staff, participated in the siege of Charleston, including the disastrous July attack on Battery Wagner. After that fierce fight Major Stryker visited the survivors of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry in a successful search for Henry D. Wood, an African American soldier from Trenton. Stryker was later transferred to the Columbus, Ohio Parole Camp, and served as senior paymaster until 1866, when he resigned as a brevet lieutenant colonel. On April 12, 1867, Governor Marcus Ward commissioned Stryker a brigadier general and appointed him New Jersey's adjutant general, in charge of the state's military administration, a post he held for the rest of his life. In 1870 Stryker married Helen Boudinot Atterbury. The couple had three children. He was brevetted major general during Governor Joel Parker's second term in 1874. His thirty-three years in office made Stryker the longest serving adjutant general in New Jersey history, but he is best known for his work as a historian. His assiduous attention to detail in compiling lists of Jerseymen who served in the nation's wars resulted in publications that remain standard references today, and no one can write New Jersey military history without consulting his numerous books and articles, rich with primary source material, on the state's role in the American Revolution. As a member and officer of many American and European historical societies, including a term as president of the New Jersey Historical Society, Stryker's contributions to New Jersey historiography were enormous. When he died in Trenton on October 29, 1900 William Stryker was remembered as "modest and unassuming beyond most men." His accomplishments certainly spoke for him. General Stryker is buried in Trenton's Riverview Cemetery. (Bilby & Goble, Remember You Are Jerseymen; Luzky, Adjutants General of NJ) Joseph G. Bilby

 

sensca indian

New Jersey Continental Line
In The Indian Campaign Of 1779

The Last half of the year 1778 was an eventful period in the history of the fight for freedom in America. The plains of Monmouth, in New Jersey had just been the scene of a fierce conflict on a hot Sabbath day, between the Continentals and the British Line and the Royal army hand disappeared by a midnight flight. The weary patriots were celebrating of there boastful but unsecured independence when the young nation was startled by the news of a horrid massacre among the hills and valleys of beautiful Wyoming. The Indian knife and tomahawk sharpened by the hatred and fierce brutality of the white Tory, CONTINUED

 

battle of trentonThe Battles of Trenton and Princetion

Nowhere in the annals of warfare can be found a counterpart of the winter campaign of Washington and his army in 1776-1777 that army which left the vicinity of New York a ragged, starved, defeated, demoralized band, which passed through the Jerseys and over the river, then dashed upon the Hessian advance, punished the flank of the British line, doubled on its own bloody tracks through the village of Princeton, and at last marched into quarters an army of victors. In just one month and a half the patriot troops of America had been forced to surrender the forts of the Hudson and beat an inglorious retreat ; then they struck such blows at the royal army that it was thought prudent to allow them to reorganize, undisturbed, among the mountains of Morris County. CONTINUED

 

yorktownThe New Jersey Line at Yorktown

Six years of alternate victory and defeat to the American arms had passed away, and the seventh year opened with no brilliant prospect of the successful issue of the patriotic struggle for independence. On the first of the New Year of 1781 the Pennsylvania Continental Line again protested against the treatment which they had received from Congress-food insufficient in quantity and quality, great want of clothing, no pay for the entireprevious year. CONTINUED

 

 

loyalist flagThe New Jersey Volunteers- Loyalists in the Revolutionary War

"I have great reason to expect an enormous body of the inhabitants to join the army from the provinces of York, the Jerseys and Connecticut, who, in this time of universal oppression, only wait for opportunities give proofs of their loyalty and zeal for government. Sixty men came over two days ago with n few arms from the neighbourhood of Shrewsbury, in Jersey CONTINUED

 

egg harbor mapThe Affair at Egg Harbor New Jersey October 15th 1778

The annals of the war for independence in America are replete with pages of fearful suffering, of cruelty and of bloodshed. The British soldier's reputation for chivalry was stained again and again by acts of brutal passion and by the malignant butchery of an unprotected foe. Even as early in the war as the battle of Long Island they record it as " a fine sight to see with what alacrity they despatched the rebels with their bayonets, after we had surrounded them so they could not resist." CONTINUED