Brown's Raid of 1777 Reenactment September 2015

New Jersey Reenactment Groups

1st New Jersey

2nd New Jersey 3rd New Jersey
4th Battalion NJ Volunteers

1st Battalion NJ Volunteers Herds Brigade
west Jersey Artillery outwaters bloomfield
Historical Research
muster roll

Muster Rolls



quill pen Brigade Correspondence
New Jersy Historians
Rees Soldier

John U Rees


William Stryker

Lossing Benson Lossing

Internet Achieves

Hannah Caldwell’s Death: Accident or Murder?

By John L. Smith, Jr.

There’s nothing like the murder of a young, innocent woman to get patriotic fervor in an uproar. The death of Jane McCrea in 1777, supposedly at the hands of Indians commissioned by British Lt. Gen. John Burgoyne, outraged Patriots and led to a huge surge of recruiting in New York. The story then went down in American folklore. Aside from being the inspiration for the character of Cora Munro in the early classic The Last of the Mohicans, the legendary 1804 painting The Death of Jane McCrea still makes its way into videos and textbooks on the American Revolution. READ MORE

A Shocking Havoc: The Plundering of Westfield, New Jersey, June 26, 1777

By Jason R. Wickersty

Before a single British soldier set foot on New Jersey soil, Deputy Adjutant-General of the British Army in North America Stephen Kemble was concerned for his native colony. “Shudder for Jersey,” he confided in his journal on November 7, 1776, “the Army being thought to move there Shortly.”[1] Once the invasion and occupation of the state began, friend and foe alike would understand Lieutenant Colonel Kemble’s worry, as “a scene of promiscuous pillage” spread wherever the army marched. READ MORE

Governor Franklin Makes His Move

By Thomas Fleming

New Jersey Governor William Franklin is one of the forgotten major players in the American Revolution. By the fall of 1775, he was the only royal governor in the thirteen rebellious colonies who had not fled or been chased from his post by the mounting tension between the Americans and the mother country. But William’s real prestige derived from his name. He was Benjamin Franklin’s son. READ MORE

“Beware of being Burgoyned.” Marching Toward Monmouth, Delaware River to Freehold, 18 to 27 June 1778

  ByJohn U. Rees

Colonel Israel Shreve’s 2nd New Jersey Regiment marched from Valley Forge in late March 1778 to take post across the Delaware River from British-held Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Working in conjunction with the state militia, Shreve’s unit did their best to suppress local Loyalists, stop goods from reaching the city, and observe their enemy’s motions. The 1st New Jersey Regiment joined the 2nd Jersey near Evesham in mid-May. The 3rd and 4th Regiments soon followed. Major Joseph Bloomfield, 3rd New Jersey, wrote of events immediately preceding the Monmouth Campaign: READ MORE

Martin Hurley’s Last Charge

By Don N. Hagist

By the time he arrived in Boston with the 44th Regiment of Foot, Martin Hurley was an experienced soldier. He’d joined the army in 1767, and learned the military trade well enough to be put into the regiment’s grenadier company, men distinguished by their martial competence as well as their tall stature.[1] The 44th was in Ireland when tensions were building in America, and was one of four regiments that embarked in Corke in early May 1775 – after hostilities had broken out, but before news of it reached Great Britain. READ MORE

"One of the best in the army." An Overview of the New Jersey Brigade, 1775-1783 

by John U. Rees

The Jersey Brigade had a long, varied, and distinguished history, but General George Washington's brief, candid comment to Major General William Alexander, Lord Stirling, concerning the condition of the brigade at the midpoint of its career speaks volumes about its shifting fortunes: 22 January 1780,

"... I am sorry to find the Jersey brigade appears to have fallen off from what it formerly was – one of the best in the army. The emulation of the officers I am persuaded will not permit them to let it remain inferior to any."1 READ MORE

"Politeness","Mirth" and "Vocal Musick": Sidelights of General John Sullivan's Indian Campaign of 1779

by John U. Rees

Many histories of the American Revolution dwell on the larger aspects of the war, dealing mainly with politics, leaders, campaigns and battles. The following anecdotes show the human side of the war, particularly regarding interaction among the soldiery, both officers and rank and file. The first passage relates to the period when various regiments and detachments under General John Sullivan prepared for an expedition against the Iroquois in northern Pennsylvania and New York. READ MORE

The American Crisis Before Crossing the Delaware?

By Jett Conner

Does saying so make it so? Perhaps, if said convincingly and repeatedly. But sometimes it’s fair to ask: Who says so? And how do they know? It is said that George Washington ordered the first number of Thomas Paine’s The American Crisis series to be read to his ragged troops before boarding boats to cross the Delaware on the eve of the Battle of Trenton. Inspired by Paine’s words, so the story goes, the suffering soldiers marched through that cold and stormy night and achieved a much-needed victory the next morning at Trenton. The details of Washington’s success at the first battle of Trenton are well known and documented, but what about Paine’s role in the affair? READ MORE

A Dutiful Soldier Misses the Battle

By Todd W. Braisted

We sometimes use the phrase “at the right place at the right time” when describing the circumstances of someone’s good fortune. In war, the “right place” is often the place where the most important events were not happening. That sounds convoluted, but the case of George Shall will clarify the point. Shall, a native of York, Pennsylvania, was a soldier in Colonel George Michael Swope’s Regiment of the Pennsylvania Flying Camp. The Flying Camp was a force formed in June 1776, so called because it was expected to be highly mobile in response to the British army’s ability to strike anywhere along the Atlantic coast. It was recruited from Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware, often from the ranks of militia units. Regiments of the Flying Camp participated in many of the actions around New York in August, September and October. READ MORE

Almost Yorktown  By Michael Adelberg

The circumstances that forced the surrender of Cornwallis’s army at Yorktown are familiar enough. The British were trapped on a peninsula, Washington’s Continental Army preventing a land escape, a large French fleet preventing their escape by sea. Pounded by artillery and short on supplies, Cornwallis had no choice but to surrender his army. Afterward, the British Army ceased offensive actions and began peace negotiations premised on recognizing the independence of the American Colonies. What is less familiar is that a similar set of circumstances nearly came into existence three years earlier, off Sandy Hook, New Jersey in July 1778. The British Army was completing its evacuation from Philadelphia and withdrawal across New Jersey. Washington’s Continentals had engaged them successfully at the Battle of Monmouth (June 28), but did not deter them from their larger objective of heading for Sandy Hook, where Admiral Richard Howe’s fleet prepared to ferry them across to safety in New York. The vanguard of General Henry Clinton’s Army reached the Navesink Highlands (on the New Jersey Shore facing New York) on July 1. From there, it was only a mile to Horseshoe Bay on the Sandy Hook Peninsula, the closest deep water anchorage.READ MORE

The Skirmish at Petticoat Bridge: December 23, 1776

Written by Rev. Dr. Norm Goos and Earl Cain

What you are about to learn in this story, I hope, will change the way you think about that most famous battle on Christmas night, 1776, forever. The British spy, Barzella Haines reported to the Hessian commander at Bordentown, Col. Carl Von Donop, Barzella said: "They were not above 800 (at Mount Holly), near one half boys, and all of them Militia, a very few from Pennsylvania excepted…He knew many of them who came from Gloucester, Egg Harbor, Penn’s Neck and Cohansey. They were commanded by Col. Griffin."  READ MORE

The Battle of Millstone by Steven M. Richman

The Battle of Millstone in central New Jersey on 20 January 1777,[1] is a “local interest” battle, the kind that is often known only to locals and specialists, but on closer examination permits greater insight into other facets of the American Revolution.  By one account, there were 1,331 military engagements in the war throughout the colonies.[2] In New Jersey alone, at least 500 separate military incidents have been identified.[3] We need not belabor the definition of “engagement;” if shots were exchanged or the threat of death was real, then each was very real to the individuals involved. Each of these engagements may seem less significant in itself, though often people died or were wounded; when aggregated, their costs and results rival most of the larger-scale and more well known battles. The Revolutionary War was not a few major rainstorms; it was a steady drizzle of engagements between local and “national” forces on both sides with the occasional downpour. Millstone reminds us of that. READ MORE

Memorial Ceremony at the Battles of Trenton 2013

Hidden Trenton Battle Tour E Book with Overlay Maps of Trenton and Princeton

Our Self-Guided Tour to the Battles of Trenton and Princeton tells you the story of the battles in satisfying detail, and gives you precise directions on how to visit the exact spots where the events took place. Some of the events and places will be familiar, some won’t be, but once you “take the tour”, you’ll never think about the greater Trenton area in quite the same way. This is a 60-page, profusely illustrated book (so it’s a largish download, about 8 MB). We’ve put up additional information in the form of KMZ files you can use in Google Maps and Google Earth to aid your own exploration and planning. All of the battle maps in the guide are available in kmz form, so you can load them into Google Earth and view them at any scale. In addition, we’ve provided a kmz with markers for every tour stop recommended in the guide, and another with the markers and overlays that we used to create the “Old Trenton” illustration in the beginning of the guide. READ MORE